Effectiveness of screening examinations to detect unrecognized exercise-induced bronchoconstriction

Teal S. Hallstrand, J. Randall Curtis, Thomas D. Koepsell, Diane P. Martin, Robert B. Schoene, Sean D. Sullivan, Gerald N. Yorioka, Moira L. Aitken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine if a physician-administered physical examination and screening questionnaire accurately detects exercise-induced bronchoconstiction (EIB) in adolescent athletes. Study design: Cross-sectional study of 256 adolescents participating in organized sports from S suburban high schools. The number of persons screened positive for EIB by physical examination and questionnaire was compared with the number of persons with EIB diagnosed by a "gold standard" test that consisted of a 7-minute exercise challenge followed by serial spirometry. Results: We diagnosed EIB in 9.4% of adolescent athletes. The screening history identified persons with symptoms or a previous diagnosis suggestive of EIB in 39.5% of the participants, but only 12.9% of these persons actually had EIB. Among adolescents with a negative review of symptoms of asthma or EIB, 7.8% had EIB. Among adolescents with no previous diagnosis of asthma, allergic rhinitis, or EIB, 7.2% had EIB diagnosed by exercise challenge. Persons who screened negative on all questions about symptoms or history of asthma, EIB, and allergic rhinitis accounted for 45.8% of the adolescents with EIB. Conclusions: EIB occurs frequently in adolescent athletes, and screening by physical examination and medical history does not accurately detect it.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-349
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Volume141
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2002
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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    Hallstrand, T. S., Curtis, J. R., Koepsell, T. D., Martin, D. P., Schoene, R. B., Sullivan, S. D., Yorioka, G. N., & Aitken, M. L. (2002). Effectiveness of screening examinations to detect unrecognized exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Journal of Pediatrics, 141(3), 343-349. https://doi.org/10.1067/mpd.2002.125729