Effective mass and spin susceptibility of dilute two-dimensional holes in GaAs

Yenting Chiu, Medini Padmanabhan, T. Gokmen, J. Shabani, E. Tutuc, M. Shayegan, R. Winkler

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15 Scopus citations


We report effective hole mass (m*) measurements through analyzing the temperature dependence of Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations in dilute (density p∼7×1010 cm-2, rs∼6) two-dimensional (2D) hole systems confined to a 20-nm-wide, (311)A GaAs quantum well. The holes in this system occupy two nearly degenerate spin subbands whose m* we measure to be ∼0.2 (in units of the free electron mass). Despite the relatively large rs in our 2D system, the measured m* is in reasonably good agreement with the results of our energy band calculations, which do not take interactions into account. We then apply a sufficiently strong parallel magnetic field to fully depopulate one of the spin subbands, and measure m* for the populated subband. We find that this latter m* is close to the m* we measure in the absence of the parallel field. We also deduce the spin susceptibility of the 2D hole system from the depopulation field, and we conclude that the susceptibility is enhanced by about 50% relative to the value expected from the band calculations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number155459
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number15
StatePublished - Oct 31 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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