Effective Hamiltonians, prethermalization, and slow energy absorption in periodically driven many-body systems

Dmitry A. Abanin, Wojciech De Roeck, Wen Wei Ho, François Huveneers

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223 Scopus citations

Abstract

We establish some general dynamical properties of quantum many-body systems that are subject to a high-frequency periodic driving. We prove that such systems have a quasiconserved extensive quantity H∗, which plays the role of an effective static Hamiltonian. The dynamics of the system (e.g., evolution of any local observable) is well approximated by the evolution with the Hamiltonian H∗ up to time τ∗, which is exponentially large in the driving frequency. We further show that the energy absorption rate is exponentially small in the driving frequency. In cases where H∗ is ergodic, the driven system prethermalizes to a thermal state described by H∗ at intermediate times tτ∗, eventually heating up to an infinite-temperature state after times t∼τ∗. Our results indicate that rapidly driven many-body systems generically exhibit prethermalization and very slow heating. We briefly discuss implications for experiments which realize topological states by periodic driving.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number014112
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume95
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 27 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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