Liquid-infused surfaces display great advantages such as omniphobicity, anti-icing, antifouling, and self-cleaning. They can also reduce the drag of an object moving through an immiscible fluid since there is slip along the fluid-fluid interface. However, the trapped liquids are susceptible to the shear of the external flow, which will drain the lubricants from the surfaces and hinder their practical use. In this study, we investigate the shear-driven failure of liquid-infused surfaces under a broad range of ratios of the viscosity of the external fluid to that of the lubricant. The effect of viscosity ratio on the steady-state lubricant retention is characterized experimentally and analyzed analytically. The model offers a possible way to estimate the shear-driven failure of surfaces filled with different lubricants. In particular, it is shown that for a given external flow a lower lubricant viscosity results in more infused fluid being retained.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computational Mechanics
- Modeling and Simulation
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes