Effect of multiscalar subfilter PDF models in les of turbulent flames with inhomogeneous inlets

Bruce A. Perry, Michael E. Mueller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


To apply reduced-order manifold combustion models in Large Eddy Simulations (LES) of systems with multiple inlets, it is necessary to incorporate more than one mixture fraction. As a result, the joint subfilter Probability Density Function (PDF) of the mixture fractions must be modeled. To determine the sensitivity of the predicted turbulent flame structure to these models, LES calculations of the Sydney piloted jet burner with inhomogeneous inlets have been performed using the Dirichlet, Connor-Mosimann (CM), and Beta-Delta (BD) distributions. A memory-efficient convolution-on-the-fly approach was applied to enable use of more complex subfilter PDF models, such as the CM distribution. Strong sensitivities in the LES predictions were observed to the choice of subfilter PDF model. The Dirichlet distribution was found to be ill-suited to this partially premixed turbulent flame because as a subfilter PDF model it implicitly assumes symmetric mixing in mixture fraction space, which is inconsistent with partial premixing. Good agreement with the experimental data was obtained using both the CM and BD distributions, which are mathematically consistent with partial premixing. The CM distribution is the most general of the considered distributions and gives the best predictions, but this comes with increased complexity and computational cost.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2287-2295
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


  • Inhomogeneous inlets
  • Large Eddy simulation
  • Presumed Probability Density Function
  • Turbulent combustion


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