The effects of polymer concentration, polymer molecular weight, and hydrophobe substitution level of modified poly(acrylic acid) polymers on the formation, size, and viscoelastic properties of shear-induced multilamellar vesicles (onions) are studied by rheology and light diffraction. The onions are close-packed, space-filling vesicles formed by shearing aqueous lamellar phases of C 12E 5 surfactant to produce phases with sufficient order and size uniformity (O(1-3 μm)) to diffract light. The addition of hydrophobically modified polymers enhances the rate of formation, uniformity, and stability independent of hydrophobe substitution level. Onion size decreases with increasing shear rate as observed for pure surfactant onion systems, but the shear-rate dependence is changed by the polymer. The onion phase has a plateau modulus that increases with polymer concentration but is independent of hydrophobe substitution level or molecular weight. The model presented by Panizza et al. that relates the plateau modulus of the onion phase to membrane rigidity and the compression modulus is consistent with independent measurements of membrane properties from SANS.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces