Effect of dimensionality on the continuum percolation of overlapping hyperspheres and hypercubes

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Abstract

We show analytically that the [0, 1], [1, 1], and [2, 1] Padé approximants of the mean cluster number S for both overlapping hyperspheres and overlapping oriented hypercubes are upper bounds on this quantity in any Euclidean dimension d. These results lead to lower bounds on the percolation threshold density c, which become progressively tighter as d increases and exact asymptotically as d → , i.e., c → 2 -d. Our analysis is aided by a certain remarkable duality between the equilibrium hard-hypersphere (hypercube) fluid system and the continuum percolation model of overlapping hyperspheres (hypercubes). Analogies between these two seemingly different problems are described. We also obtain Percus-Yevick-like approximations for the mean cluster number S in any dimension d that also become asymptotically exact as d → . We infer that as the space dimension increases, finite-sized clusters become more ramified or branch-like. These analytical estimates are used to assess simulation results for c up to 20 dimensions in the case of hyperspheres and up to 15 dimensions in the case of hypercubes. Our analysis sheds light on the radius of convergence of the density expansion for S and naturally leads to an analytical approximation for c that applies across all dimensions for both hyperspheres and oriented hypercubes. Finally, we describe the extension of our results to the case of overlapping particles of general anisotropic shape in d dimensions with a specified orientational probability distribution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number054106
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume136
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 7 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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