Effect of crease curvature on the bistability of the origami waterbomb base

Jessica Flores, Lucia Stein-Montalvo, Sigrid Adriaenssens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Largely due to its geometry-endowed bistability, the origami waterbomb base offers wide-ranging engineering potential. Here, we explore how nonzero crease curvature, which leads to panel bending, enhances the tunability of this structure. To reveal the influence of crease curvature on the deployed geometry and the mechanical response of the octagonal curved-crease waterbomb base, we combine physical experiments with a parametric numerical study. The crease curvature ranges from zero (i.e. the well-known straight-crease waterbomb base) to the maximum curvature possible within the allotted boundary. In addition, we perform finite element analysis (FEA), which incorporates crease plasticity and also allows us to examine the effects of crease stiffness and sheet thickness on mechanical behavior. Our results show that increasing crease curvature reduces the folded height and vertex range-of-motion, but raises the critical load for snap-through instability, without necessarily increasing the switching energy. Potential applications for these tunable structures range from energy harvesting mechanical metamaterials to architectural-scale adaptive shading devices, and deployable space-based solar power systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101909
JournalExtreme Mechanics Letters
StatePublished - Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


  • Bistable
  • Curved-crease origami
  • Elasticity
  • Finite element modeling
  • Instability
  • Nonlinear mechanics
  • Plasticity
  • Snap-through


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