Effect of coolant injection angle on nozzle endwall film cooling: Experimental and numerical analysis in linear cascade

Lamyaa El-Gabry, Hongzhou Xu, Kevin Liu, James Chang, Michael Fox

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gas turbine components can withstand gas temperatures exceeding the melting point of the alloys they're made of due to increasingly effective cooling methods. Increasing the operating temperature of a gas turbine is key to improving its power density and exhaust heat for steam or combined-cycle efficiency. In the turbine, the component that experiences the highest gas temperature is the vane directly downstream of the combustor; the most complex flow field in a vane occurs near the endwall. In this study, an experimental investigation is carried out to determine the effect of coolant injection angle and mass flow ratio on film effectiveness on the endwall using the pressure sensitive paint technique for various configurations of jump cooling hole configurations. Two rows of angled holes are upstream of an uncooled vane in a three-vane linear cascade. Injection angle including compound angle is varied from 20 to 60 and coolant to mainstream massflux ratio is varied from 0.5% to 3%. Contours of endwall surface film effectiveness are presented along with span-Averaged film effectiveness. CFD models of the cascade are developed using a commercial solver to predict film effectiveness for some of the test conditions and comparisons are made between the experimental and numerical results. The CFD models provide further insight into the flow field and explain trends observed in the experiment by understanding the interaction of jump coolant flow with the 3D endwall mainstream flows.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHeat Transfer
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Print)9780791851104
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018
EventASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2018 - Oslo, Norway
Duration: Jun 11 2018Jun 15 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
Volume5C-2018

Other

OtherASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2018
CountryNorway
CityOslo
Period6/11/186/15/18

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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