Modification of the paraffin crystallization and flow ability of waxy crude oil is of vital importance during transportation and restart processes at low temperature. To investigate the influence of pendants in comb-type copolymers on the cold flow ability of crude oil, maleic anhydride-α-octadecene copolymer and its derivatives with octadecyl (MAC), phenyl (AMAC), or naphthalene (NMAC) pendants were synthesized. These derivatives, when added to waxy crude oil, change the size and quantity of the paraffin crystals observed by polarizing light microscopy (PLM), improve the flow ability of waxy oils by reducing the viscosity and yield stress revealed by rheometer, and decrease the paraffin crystallization temperature and quantity of wax precipitation determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). AMAC had the greatest effect followed by MAC and NMAC, respectively. It seems that small aromatic pendants improve the flow ability of waxy oils by adsorbing on the surface of asphaltenes, while large aromatic pendants impair the assembly of copolymers with asphaltenes by a higher steric hindrance.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering