Education, HIV, and early fertility: Experimental evidence from Kenya

Esther Duflo, Pascaline Dupas, Michael Kremer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

186 Scopus citations


A seven-year randomized evaluation suggests education subsidies reduce adolescent girls' dropout, pregnancy, and marriage but not sexually transmitted infection (STI). The government's HIV curriculum, which stresses abstinence until marriage, does not reduce pregnancy or STI. Both programs combined reduce STI more, but cut dropout and pregnancy less, than education subsidies alone. These results are inconsistent with a model of schooling and sexual behavior in which both pregnancy and STI are determined by one factor (unprotected sex), but consistent with a two-factor model in which choices between committed and casual relationships also affect these outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2757-2797
Number of pages41
JournalAmerican Economic Review
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics


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