Edge-Assisted Multi-Layer Offloading Optimization of LEO Satellite-Terrestrial Integrated Networks

Xuelin Cao, Bo Yang, Yulong Shen, Chau Yuen, Yan Zhang, Zhu Han, H. Vincent Poor, Lajos Hanzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Sixth-Generation (6G) technologies will revolutionize the wireless ecosystem by enabling the delivery of futuristic services through satellite-terrestrial integrated networks (STINs). As the number of subscribers connected to STINs increases, it becomes necessary to investigate whether the edge computing paradigm may be applied to low Earth orbit satellite (LEOS) networks for supporting computation-intensive and delay-sensitive services for anyone, anywhere, and at any time. Inspired by this research dilemma, we investigate a LEOS edge-assisted multi-layer multi-access edge computing (MEC) system. In this system, the MEC philosophy will be extended to LEOS, for defining the LEOS edge, in order to enhance the coverage of the multi-layer MEC system and address the users' computing problems both in congested and isolated areas. We then design its operating offloading framework and explore its feasible implementation methodologies. In this context, we formulate a joint optimization problem for the associated communication and computation resource allocation for minimizing the overall energy dissipation of our LEOS edge-assisted multi-layer MEC system while maintaining a low computing latency. To solve the optimization problem effectively, we adopt the classic alternating optimization (AO) method for decomposing the original problem and then solve each sub-problem using low-complexity iterative algorithms. Finally, our numerical results show that the offloading scheme conceived achieves low computing latency and energy dissipation compared to the state-of-the-art solutions, a single layer MEC supported by LEOS or base stations (BS).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-398
Number of pages18
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • 6G
  • LEO satellite
  • Satellite-terrestrial integrated network
  • multi-access edge computing


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