The E. coli trp repressor (trpR) homodimer recognizes its palindromic DNA binding site through a pair of flexible helix-turn-helix (HTH) motifs displayed on an intertwined helical core. Flexible N-terminal arms mediate association between dimers bound to tandem DNA sites. The 2.5 Å X-ray structure of trpR crystallized in 30% (v/v) isopropanol reveals a substantial conformational rearrangement of HTH motifs and N-terminal arms, with the protein appearing in the unusual form of an ordered 3D domain-swapped supramolecular array. Small angle X-ray scattering measurements show that the self-association properties of trpR in solution are fundamentally altered by isopropanol.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Structural Biology