Sea spray is the main source of aerosols above the ocean. One of the pathways for sea spray production is through bubble bursting, which ejects myriads of droplets. We present a detailed description of the velocity of jets formed by bubble bursting, obtained through extensive comparison between experimental results and numerical simulations for a wide range of physical parameters. We discuss the importance of the shape of the cavity on the jet velocity and the regime of parameters for which drop ejection is observed. We present a phenomenological formula that predicts the jet velocity for the full range of parameters and compare it to a theoretical prediction based on curvature reversal. The results are then discussed in light of their fundamental applications in the understanding of the phenomena.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computational Mechanics
- Modeling and Simulation
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes