Dynamics of droplet-film collision

K. L. Pan, C. K. Law

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The head-on collision of a droplet onto a liquid layer of the same material, backed by a solid surface, was experimentally and computationally investigated, with emphasis on the transition from bouncing of the droplet to its absorption by the film for given droplet Weber number, We, and the film thickness scaled by the droplet radius, Hf. Experimental results show that while absorption is favored with increasing We, there exists a range around H≲ ≈ 1 over which this tendency is moderated. This local moderation in turn corresponds to a regime for 11 ≲ We ≲ 14 over which increasing Hf from a small value leads to a triple reversal behavior of absorption, bouncing, absorption again, and bouncing again. The collision dynamics including evolution of the surface contours of the droplet and film, as well as the energy budgets, were then simulated by using a front-tracking technique. For collisions leading to absorption and partial absorption, rupture and hence merging of the interfaces were manually imposed at an instant that leads to agreement between the subsequent calculated and experimental images. The simulation satisfactorily identified the different factors influencing the observed non-monotonic response of the collision event.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages13
StatePublished - 2005
Event43rd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit - Reno, NV, United States
Duration: Jan 10 2005Jan 13 2005


Other43rd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityReno, NV

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering


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