Dynamics and burning limits of premixed cool flames at high pressures

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

The flame speeds and burning limits of premixed cool flames are numerically simulated at pressures up to 20 atm by using dimethyl ether mixtures with nitrogen dilution. Three different flame regimes, hot flame, double flame, and cool flames are predicted. The results show that cool flames exist on both fuel lean and fuel rich conditions, and dramatically extend the lean and rich flammability limits of hot flames. Pressure and nitrogen dilution have a significant impact on the flame speed, flammable limits, and the structure of cool flames. On the fuel lean side, the cool flame propagation speed decreases significantly with pressure. However, the cool flame speed on the fuel rich side is much less affected by the pressure. At a lower pressure, the transition from hot flame to cool flame is an extinction transition at the hot flame flammability limit. However, at high pressure, due to the increase of fuel reactivity and the decrease of flame speed of cool flames, it is found that there is a direct transition between cool flame and hot flame without an extinction limit. A K-shaped flammability diagram including both cool flames and hot flames is obtained. Moreover, it is also found that the increase nitrogen dilution in oxidizer dramatically narrows the flammable region of hot flame but extends the flammable region of cool flames. The present study demonstrates that cool flame dynamics needs to be appropriately included for modeling high pressure and near limit combustion of gasoline, diesel, and jet fuels in advanced engines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
Event2016 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2016 - Princeton, United States
Duration: Mar 13 2016Mar 16 2016

Other

Other2016 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2016
CountryUnited States
CityPrinceton
Period3/13/163/16/16

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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  • Cite this

    Ju, Y. (2016). Dynamics and burning limits of premixed cool flames at high pressures. Paper presented at 2016 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2016, Princeton, United States.