Dynamic Spatial General Equilibrium

Benny Kleinman, Ernest Liu, Stephen J. Redding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


We incorporate forward-looking capital accumulation into a dynamic discrete choice model of migration. We characterize the steady-state equilibrium; generalize existing dynamic exact-hat algebra techniques to incorporate investment; and linearize the model to provide an analytical characterization of the economy's transition path using spectral analysis. We show that capital and labor dynamics interact to shape the economy's speed of adjustment toward steady state. We implement our quantitative analysis using data on capital stocks, populations, and bilateral trade and migration flows for U.S. states from 1965–2015. We show that this interaction between capital and labor dynamics plays a central role in explaining the observed decline in the rate of income convergence across U.S. states and the persistent and heterogeneous impact of local shocks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-424
Number of pages40
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics


  • Spatial dynamics
  • economic geography
  • migration
  • trade


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