The dynamic dictionary problem is considered: provide an algorithm for storing a dynamic set, allowing the operations insert, delete, and lookup. A dynamic perfect hashing strategy is given: a randomized algorithm for the dynamic dictionary problem that takes O(1) worst-case time for lookups and O(1) amortized expected time for insertions and deletions; it uses space proportional to the size of the set stored. Furthermore, lower bounds for the time complexity of a class of deterministic algorithms for the dictionary problem are proved. This class encompasses realistic hashing-based schemes that use linear space. Such algorithms have amortized worst-case time complexity Ω(log n) for a sequence of n insertions and lookups; if the worst-case lookup time is restricted to k, then the lower bound becomes Ω(k · n1/k).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science(all)