AX2-type compounds exhibit a rich and complex series of phase transitions under compression. The high-pressure polymorphism of rutile-type AX2 difluorides can be characterized by a typical sequence from rutiletype→CaCl2type→HP-PdF2type→cotunnitetype. Relative to dioxides, the reduced valence and ionic radius of the F- anion in rutile-type MgF2 (sellaite) results in lowered transition pressures, making it a useful analog for SiO2 and other dioxides. In this work, MgF2 single crystals were shock-compressed along the  direction to 24 to 120 GPa using plate impact techniques, and wave profiles were measured using laser interferometry. At low stresses (24 to 44 GPa), we observe features consistent with an elastic-inelastic response, followed by a phase transformation. Peak stress-density states in this stress range are consistent with those expected for the modified fluorite-type (HP-PdF2) phase or a related structure. At higher stresses (69 to 91 GPa), we observe a two-wave structure with peak stress-density states consistent with transformation to a denser and likely more highly coordinated phase such as the cotunnite-type structure. At 120 GPa, only a single wave structure is observed, indicating that the wave profile features observed at lower stresses are overdriven.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics