The enantioselective desymmetrization of cyclic meso-anhydrides with benzyl trifluoroborates under nickel-photoredox catalysis is described. The reaction tolerates a variety of sterically and electronically different trifluoroborates, as well as structurally unique cyclic anhydrides. The trans isomer of the keto-acid products is also observed at varying levels dependent on the trifluoroborate identity and relative catalyst loading. A mechanism involving decarbonylation and Ni−C bond homolysis of a NiII adduct is proposed. This feature allows access to a trans keto-acid as the major product in high enantioselectivity from a cis meso anhydride.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- asymmetric synthesis
- photoredox catalysis