Dropwise condensation reduces selectivity of sky-facing radiative cooling surfaces

Eylul Simsek, Jyotirmoy Mandal, Aaswath P. Raman, Laurent Pilon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dew formation occurs frequently on radiative cooling surfaces used for cooling of buildings and for harvesting atmospheric water as a result of dropwise condensation. The presence of these droplets can in turn alter the infrared emittance and performance of radiative cooling surfaces, in particular, selective emitters. This study experimentally investigates the impact of dropwise condensation on both the emittance and spectral selectivity of radiative cooling surfaces. Here, selective emitters supporting a large number of polydisperse acrylic droplets, as water droplet simulant, with contact angle ranging between 39° and 62° and surface area coverage between 20% and 52% were prepared and characterized. Spectral characterization revealed that the spectral emittance of the radiative cooling surfaces increased and broadened significantly in the presence of droplets. This was attributed to the absorption by the droplets. The emittance inside the long-wavelength infrared (LWIR) atmospheric transparency window increased slightly while the emittance outside increased significantly with increasing droplet surface area coverage and contact angle. This loss in spectral selectivity resulted in heat gain from radiation exchanges outside the LWIR, such that a given radiative cooling surface attained a higher temperature when covered with droplets. Dew formation may thus present important limitations on the performance achievable by selective emitters in radiative cooling applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number123399
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume198
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Keywords

  • Broadband emittance
  • Dew formation
  • Dropwise condensation
  • Radiative coolers
  • Selective LWIR emittance

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