A magnetized plasma preseeded with an initially undamped Langmuir wave is shown to transition suddenly to a collisionless damping regime upon expansion of the plasma perpendicular to the background magnetic field. The resulting anisotropic fast-particle distribution then leads to an electrical current and dc voltage induction. The current drive efficiency of this effect in nonstationary plasmas is shown to depend on the rate of expansion of the plasma, the time-varying collisionality, and the plasma L/R time. Subsequent recompression of the plasma enhances this current drive effect by reducing further the collision rate of the current-carrying electrons.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical review letters|
|State||Published - May 23 2012|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)