Donor Engineering Tuning the Analog Switching Range and Operational Stability of Organic Synaptic Transistors for Neuromorphic Systems

Yanfei Zhao, Chaohui Su, Guangyue Shen, Zhichao Xie, Wei Xiao, Yujun Fu, Sahika Inal, Qi Wang, Yazhou Wang, Wan Yue, Iain McCulloch, Deyan He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Organic artificial synapses are becoming the most desirable format for neuromorphic computing due to their highly tunable resistive states. However, repressively low analog switching range, inferior memory retention, and operational instability greatly hinder the further development of organic synapses. Herein, two donor-acceptor copolymers consisting of electron-deficient isoindigo coupled with variable donating moieties for three-terminal organic synaptic transistors (TOSTs) are reported. It is found that the synaptic function and device stability of TOSTs are significantly improved by enhancing the electron-donating strength of donor units. Polymer alkylated isoindigo-bis-ethylenedioxythiophene exhibits high analog switching range of 170 ×, two orders of magnitude higher than that of normal organic neuromorphic devices. They also demonstrate excellent memory retention of over 5 × 103 s, low switching energy of 13 fJ, and ultrahigh operational stability with 99% of its original current after 100 000 write-read events in air. Furthermore, the high viability of strong donor strategy is showcased by demonstrating flexible TOSTs with stable synaptic function after repeated mechanical bending as well as organic synapses capable of simulating image information processing. Overall, this work highlights the advantages of the strong donor functionalization strategy to boost the synaptic performance and device stability of TOSTs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2205744
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number36
StatePublished - Sep 5 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • General Chemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrochemistry


  • analog switching ranges
  • donor engineering
  • memory retention
  • operational stability
  • organic synaptic transistors


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