Does Increasing Immigration Affect Ethnic Minority Groups?

Danying Li, Miguel R. Ramos, Matthew R. Bennett, Douglas S. Massey, Miles Hewstone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Immigration is increasing around the world. Academic work suggests that increasing immigration reduces social cohesion and subjective well-being, but these studies mainly focused on white majority populations. Using the 2002 to 2014 European Social Survey, we analyze data from 5,149 ethnic minority respondents living in twenty-four European countries. We examine the association between immigration and respondents’ well-being, mediated by two critical cognitive mechanisms: perceived discrimination and generalized trust. We find that in the short term, immigration is associated with greater perceived discrimination, which in turn is associated with lower trust and well-being. Over the longer term, though, immigration is associated with lower perceived discrimination from ethnic minorities, yielding greater generalized trust and perceived well-being.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-65
Number of pages17
JournalAnnals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • General Social Sciences


  • contact
  • discrimination
  • ethnic diversity
  • ethnic minority
  • immigration
  • trust
  • well-being


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