We have investigated the behavior of the resistance of graphene at the n=0 Landau level in an intense magnetic field H. Employing a low-dissipation technique (with power P<3 fW), we find that at low temperature T, the resistance at the Dirac point R0 (H) undergoes a 1000-fold increase from ∼10 kΩ to 40 MΩ within a narrow interval of field. The abruptness of the increase suggests that a transition to an insulating ordered state occurs at the critical field Hc. Results from five samples show that Hc depends systematically on the disorder, as measured by the offset gate voltage V0. Samples with small V0 display a smaller critical field Hc. Empirically, the steep increase in R0 fits accurately a Kosterlitz-Thouless-type correlation length over three decades. The curves of R0 vs T at fixed H approach the thermal-activation form with a gap Δ∼15 K as H→ Hc-, consistent with a field-induced insulating state.
|Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
|Published - Mar 3 2009
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics