Structural health monitoring is a process meant to provide accurate and real-time information concerning structural condition and performance. Needs for structural health monitoring in the past two decades increased rapidly, and these needs stimulated the development of various sensing technologies. Distributed optical-fiber sensing technology has opened new possibilities in structural monitoring. A distributed deformation sensor (sensing cable) is sensitive at each point of its length to strain changes and cracks. Such a sensor practically monitors a one-dimensional strain field and can be installed over the entire length of the monitored structural members (suspension cables, bridge girders, tunnel vaults, dam basis, etc.). Therefore, the sensor provides for integrity monitoring, that is, direct detection, characterization (including recognition, localization, and quantification or rating), and report of local strain changes generated by damage. An integrity monitoring principle for long bridges and tunnels is developed. Various distributed sensing techniques are summarized, and their potential for the use in integrity monitoring is compared. Finally, the first large-scale, actual on-site application is briefly presented.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering