Distinct elements confer the blocking and bypass functions of the bithorax Fab-8 boundary

Olga Kyrchanova, Daniel Wolle, Marat Sabirov, Amina Kurbidaeva, Tsutomu Aoki, Oksana Maksimenko, Maria Kyrchanova, Pavel Georgiev, Paul Schedl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Boundaries in the Drosophila bithorax complex (BX-C) enable the regulatory domains that drive parasegment-specific expression of the three Hox genes to function autonomously. The four regulatory domains (iab-5, iab-6, iab-7, and iab-8) that control the expression of the Abdominal-B (Abd-B) gene are located downstream of the transcription unit, and are delimited by the Mcp, Fab-6, Fab-7, and Fab-8 boundaries. These boundaries function to block cross talk between neighboring regulatory domains. In addition, three of the boundaries (Fab-6, Fab-7, and Fab-8) must also have bypass activity so that regulatory domains distal to the boundaries can contact the Abd-B promoter. In the studies reported here, we have undertaken a functional dissection of the Fab-8 boundary using a boundary-replacement strategy. Our studies indicate that the Fab-8 boundary has two separable subelements. The distal subelement blocks cross talk, but cannot support bypass. The proximal subelement has only minimal blocking activity but is able to mediate bypass. A large multiprotein complex, the LBC (large boundary complex), binds to sequences in the proximal subelement and contributes to its bypass activity. The same LBC complex has been implicated in the bypass activity of the Fab-7 boundary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)865-876
Number of pages12
JournalGenetics
Volume213
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics

Keywords

  • Abdominal-B
  • Bithorax
  • Blocking
  • Bypass
  • CTCF
  • Chromatin boundaries
  • Fab-7
  • Fab-8
  • Insulators
  • LBC

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    Kyrchanova, O., Wolle, D., Sabirov, M., Kurbidaeva, A., Aoki, T., Maksimenko, O., Kyrchanova, M., Georgiev, P., & Schedl, P. (2019). Distinct elements confer the blocking and bypass functions of the bithorax Fab-8 boundary. Genetics, 213(3), 865-876. https://doi.org/10.1534/genetics.119.302694