Dissociation of Abrikosov-Nielsen-Olesen vortices

Lars Gerhard Jensen, Paul Joseph Steinhardt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper we discuss how Abrikosov-Nielsen-Olesen vortices can act as impurities that seed first-order phase transitions. The seeding mechanism comes about through dissociation of what is normally considered to be topologically stable defects. We discuss the conditions necessary for dissociation in which the core, which contains the seed of stable phase, becomes unstable and grows radially, converting the system from a metastable phase to a stable phase. We also discuss some peculiar characteristics of vortices in superfluid He3- He4 and the vortex dissociation that occurs when the He3- He4 phase separates at low temperatures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5549-5556
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume27
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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