This paper discusses the use of radio frequency (RF) current drive to stabilize large islands, focusing on nonlinear effects that appear when relatively high powers are used to stabilize large islands. We are interested in developing a capability to stabilize large islands via RF driven currents to avoid the need for mitigation to the extent possible. As tokamaks are designed and built with increasing levels of stored energy in the plasma, disruptions become increasingly dangerous. It has been reported that 95% of the disruptions in the Joint European Torus tokamak with the ITER-like wall are preceded by the growth of large locked islands. These large islands are mostly produced by off-normal events other than neoclassical tearing modes. This paper presents theory and modeling for a nonlinear "RF current condensation"effect that can concentrate the RF driven current near the center of a large island, thereby increasing the efficiency of the stabilization. A nonlinear shadowing effect can hinder the stabilization of islands if the aiming of the ray trajectories does not properly consider the nonlinear effects.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics