Directly photoexcited Dirac and Weyl fermions in ZrSiS and NbAs

Chris P. Weber, Leslie M. Schoop, Stuart S.P. Parkin, Robert C. Newby, Alex Nateprov, Bettina Lotsch, Bala Murali Krishna Mariserla, J. Matthew Kim, Keshav M. Dani, Hans A. Bechtel, Ernest Arushanov, Mazhar Ali

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13 Scopus citations


We report ultrafast optical measurements of the Dirac line-node semimetal ZrSiS and the Weyl semimetal NbAs, using mid-infrared pump photons from 86 meV to 500 meV to directly excite Dirac and Weyl fermions within the linearly dispersing bands. In NbAs, the photoexcited Weyl fermions initially form a non-thermal distribution, signified by a brief spike in the differential reflectivity whose sign is controlled by the relative energy of the pump and probe photons. In ZrSiS, electron-electron scattering rapidly thermalizes the electrons, and the spike is not observed. Subsequently, hot carriers in both materials cool within a few picoseconds. This cooling, as seen in the two materials' differential reflectivity, differs in sign, shape, and timescale. Nonetheless, we find that it may be described in a simple model of thermal electrons, without free parameters. The electronic cooling in ZrSiS is particularly fast, which may make the material useful for optoelectronic applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number221906
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number22
StatePublished - Nov 26 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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