Dimerization is required for the activity of the protein histidine kinase CheA that mediates signal transduction in bacterial chemotaxis

Michael G. Surette, Mikhail Leviti, Yi Liu, Gudrun Lukat, Elizabeth G. Ninfa, Alexander Ninfa, Jeffry B. Stock

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Abstract

The histidine protein kinase CheA plays an essential role in stimulus- response coupling during bacterial chemotaxis. The kinase is a homodimer that catalyzes the reversible transfer of a γ-phosphoryl group from ATP to the N- 3 position of one of its own histidine residues. Kinetic studies of rates of autophosphorylation show a second order dependence on CheA concentrations at submicromolar levels that is consistent with dissociation of the homodimer into inactive monomers. The dissociation was confirmed by chemical cross- linking studies. The dissociation constant (CheA2 mutually implies 2CheA; K(D) = 0.2-0.4 μM) was not affected by nucleotide binding, histidine phosphorylation, or binding of the response regulator, CheY. The turnover number per active site within a dimer (assuming 2 independent sites/dimer) at saturating ATP was approximately 10/min. The kinetics of autophosphorylation and ATP/ADP exchange indicated that the dissociation constants of ATP and ADP bound to CheA were similar (K(D) values ≃ 0.2-0.3 mM), whereas ATP had a reduced affinity for CheAP (K(D) ≃ 0.8 mM) compared with ADP (K(D) ≃ 0.3 mM). The rates of phosphotransfer from bound ATP to the phosphoaccepting histidine and from the phosphohistidine back to ADP seem to he essentially equal (kcat ≃ 10 min-1).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)939-945
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume271
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 12 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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