Dilution and Temperature Effects of Inert Addition on Soot Formation in Counterflow Diffusion Flames

R. L. Axelbalim, W. L. Flower, C. K. Law

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


The isolated effects of fuel dilution and flame temperature variation on soot formation have been investigated experimentally for counterflow diffusion flames.The methodology of isolation through temperature adjustment involves changing the concentration of the fuel by diluting it with nitrogen, and then increasing the maximum temperature of the diluted flame back to that of the undiluted flame by replacing a portion of the nitrogen in the oxidizer flow with an equal portion of argon.Soot quantities are determined by using light-scattering and extinction techniques, flame temperatures by thermocouple measurements, and velocities by LDV mapping.Results on ethylene show that both temperature and dilution contribute to a reduction in the soot volume fraction and dilution accounts for a substantial amount of this reduction.It is further found that the soot formation rate and specific surface area are linearly dependent on the initial fuel concentration, while the specific surface growth rate is insensitive to its variation.Finally, the soot formation process is insensitive to a wide range of fuel ejection rates for the present counterfiow diffusion flame established in the forward stagnation region of a porous cylinder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-73
Number of pages23
JournalCombustion science and technology
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - Sep 1 1988
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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