Diffusional-thermal instability of adiabatic flame propagation in dissociation equilibrium

B. H. Chao, C. K. Law

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Effects of product dissociation and preferential diffusion on the structure, propagation and diffusional-thermal instability of the classical one-dimensional laminar flame have been studied by using activation energy asymptotics. Analytical expressions as functions of dissociation and diffusion parameters have been obtained for such bulk flame parameters as the flame temperature reduction and the propagation rate eigenvalue, and for the dispersion relation governing flame stability. Results on flame propagation show that while under most situations the flame speed is reduced due to product dissociation, it can attain values in excess of the non-dissociative limit for highly mobile product species which can preferentially back diffuse to the upstream portion of the reaction zone where they recombine and release the associated recombination heat. Results on flame stability show that it is promoted in the presence of product dissociation which has a moderating influence on the flame temperature fluctuations, and for highly-mobile product species because of the enhanced burning rate and curvature-induced concentration modification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
StatePublished - Apr 1989
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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