We study a parabolic-elliptic system of partial differential equations that arises in modelling the overdamped gravitational interaction of a cloud of particles or chemotaxis in bacteria. The system has a rich dynamics and the possible behaviours of the solutions include convergence to time-independent solutions and the formation of finite-time singularities. Our goal is to describe the different kinds of solutions that lead to these outcomes. We restrict our attention to radial solutions and find that the behaviour of the system depends strongly on the space dimension d. For 2 < d < 10 there are two stable blowup modalities (self-similar and Burgers-like) and one stable steady state. On unbounded domains, there exists a one-parameter family of unstable steady solutions and a countable number of unstable blowup behaviours. We document connections between one unstable blowup behaviour and both a stable steady state and a stable blowup, as well as connections between one unstable blowup and two different stable blowups. There is a topological and stability correspondence between the various asymptotic behaviours and this suggests the possibility of constructing a global phase portrait for the system that treats the global in time solutions and the blowing up solutions on an equal footing.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Applied Mathematics