Massive machine-type communication (mMTC) has been identified as one of the three generic 5G services, with the aim of providing connectivity to a large number of devices. The concurrent massive access in mMTC may lead to congestion due to limited access resources. Group paging (GP) is emerging as one of the promising solutions to alleviate network congestion by controlling access load. However, the performance of GP deteriorates drastically with the number of devices per paging group. This paper explores GP with a pre-backoff strategy for a general mMTC scenario in which devices are allowed to have diverse access success probability (ASP) requirements, and proposes a differentiated service-aware GP scheme with specific pre-backoff times (GPSP), with the aim of maximizing the total access rate while guaranteeing the ASP requirements for individual devices. An optimal solution to the GPSP problem is derived to provide a performance upper bound. As low-complexity algorithms are of key importance for mMTC applications, an efficient heuristic algorithm is further designed. Numerical results demonstrate that the proposed GPSP scheme can effectively improve the system performance in terms of average ASP, average access delay, and the average number of preamble transmissions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Massive MTC
- differentiated services
- group paging
- random access