Differential Contributions of Interferon Classes to Host Inflammatory Responses and Restricting Virus Progeny Production

Krystal K. Lum, Tavis J. Reed, Jinhang Yang, Ileana M. Cristea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Fundamental to mammalian intrinsic and innate immune defenses against pathogens is the production of Type I and Type II interferons, such as IFN-β and IFN-γ, respectively. The comparative effects of IFN classes on the cellular proteome, protein interactions, and virus restriction within cell types that differentially contribute to immune defenses are needed for understanding immune signaling. Here, a multilayered proteomic analysis, paired with biochemical and molecular virology assays, allows distinguishing host responses to IFN-β and IFN-γ and associated antiviral impacts during infection with several ubiquitous human viruses. In differentiated macrophage-like monocytic cells, we classified proteins upregulated by IFN-β, IFN-γ, or pro-inflammatory LPS. Using parallel reaction monitoring, we developed a proteotypic peptide library for shared and unique ISG signatures of each IFN class, enabling orthogonal confirmation of protein alterations. Thermal proximity coaggregation analysis identified the assembly and maintenance of IFN-induced protein interactions. Comparative proteomics and cytokine responses in macrophage-like monocytic cells and primary keratinocytes provided contextualization of their relative capacities to restrict virus production during infection with herpes simplex virus type-1, adenovirus, and human cytomegalovirus. Our findings demonstrate how IFN classes induce distinct ISG abundance and interaction profiles that drive antiviral defenses within cell types that differentially coordinate mammalian immune responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Proteome Research
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry

Keywords

  • HCMV
  • HSV-1
  • Interferon-beta
  • adenovirus
  • herpes simplex virus-1
  • human cytomegalovirus
  • interferon-gamma
  • interferon-stimulated gene
  • parallel reaction monitoring
  • thermal proximity coaggregation

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