Diazaisoindigo bithiophene and terthiophene copolymers for application in field-effect transistors and solar cells

Wan Yue, Cheng Li, Xuelin Tian, Weiwei Li, Marios Neophytou, Hu Chen, Weiyuan Du, Cameron Jellett, Hung Yang Chen, Ada Onwubiko, Iain McCulloch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Two donor–acceptor conjugated polymers with azaisoindigo as acceptor units and bithiophene and terthiophene as donor units have been synthesized by Stille polymerization. These two polymers have been successfully applied in field-effect transistors and polymer solar cells. By changing the donor component of the conjugated polymer backbone from bithiophene to terthiophene, the density of thiophene in the backbone is increased, manifesting as a decrease in both ionization potential and in electron affinity. Therefore, the charge transport in field-effect transistors switches from ambipolar to predominantly hole transport behavior. PAIIDTT exhibits hole mobility up to 0.40 cm2/Vs and electron mobility of 0.02 cm2/Vs, whereas PAIIDTTT exhibits hole mobility of 0.62 cm2/Vs. Polymer solar cells were fabricated based on these two polymers as donors with PC61BM and PC71BM as acceptor where PAIIDTT shows a modest efficiency of 2.57% with a very low energy loss of 0.55 eV, while PAIIDTTT shows a higher efficiency of 6.16% with a higher energy loss of 0.74 eV. Our results suggest that azaisoindgo is a useful building block for the development of efficient polymer solar cells with further improvement possibility by tuning the alternative units on the polymer backbone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2691-2699
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Issue number16
StatePublished - Aug 15 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


  • azaisoindigo
  • conjugated polymers
  • energy loss
  • functionalization of polymers
  • high performance polymers
  • solar cells
  • thin-film transistor


Dive into the research topics of 'Diazaisoindigo bithiophene and terthiophene copolymers for application in field-effect transistors and solar cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this