Diamond detectors for radiation and luminosity measurements in CMS

R. Hall-Wilton, M. Pernicka, E. Bartz, J. Doroshenko, D. Hits, S. Schnetzer, R. Stone, V. Halyo, B. Harrop, A. Hunt, D. Marlow, W. Bugg, M. Hollingsworth, S. Spanier, W. Johns

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The Beam Conditions Monitor (BCM) provides fast, relative measurements of particle fluxes for use in the safety systems of CMS. It uses a set of Chemical Vapor Deposited (CVD) diamond diodes. Sudden, order of magnitude changes in the BCM readout issue non-maskable LHC beam aborts. Dangerous irradiation trends on longer timescales translate into automatic detector interlocks and injection inhibit. Operators in the LHC beam and CMS detector control room obtain and display real time (1Hz) readout of flux measurements from the BCM subsystem. The beam radiation monitoring system also provides an independent measurement of the beam luminosity. The next generation luminosity detector, called the Pixel Luminosity Telescope (PLT), is based on pixelated monocrystalline diamond detectors. They provide a fast occupancy information and allow particle tracking near the interaction point to distinguish trajectories originating from the proton-proton collision point and those parallel to the beam pipe. We present the use case of diamond detectors for beam radiation monitoring in CMS and first measurements of 150 GeV/c π+ particle tracks in three layers of pixelated diamond detectors. The PLT after installation in 2010 will be the largest utilization of diamond instrumentation in High Energy Physics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2009 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, NSS/MIC 2009
Pages2092-2096
Number of pages5
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Event2009 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, NSS/MIC 2009 - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: Oct 25 2009Oct 31 2009

Publication series

NameIEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record
ISSN (Print)1095-7863

Other

Other2009 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, NSS/MIC 2009
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL
Period10/25/0910/31/09

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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    Hall-Wilton, R., Pernicka, M., Bartz, E., Doroshenko, J., Hits, D., Schnetzer, S., Stone, R., Halyo, V., Harrop, B., Hunt, A., Marlow, D., Bugg, W., Hollingsworth, M., Spanier, S., & Johns, W. (2009). Diamond detectors for radiation and luminosity measurements in CMS. In 2009 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, NSS/MIC 2009 (pp. 2092-2096). [5402117] (IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record). https://doi.org/10.1109/NSSMIC.2009.5402117