Development of slurry targets for high repetition-rate x-ray free electron laser experiments

Raymond F. Smith, Vinay Rastogi, Amy E. Lazicki, Martin G. Gorman, Richard Briggs, Amy L. Coleman, Carol Davis, Saransh Singh, David McGonegle, Samantha M. Clarke, Travis Volz, Trevor Hutchinson, Christopher McGuire, Dayne E. Fratanduono, Damian C. Swift, Eric Folsom, Cynthia A. Bolme, Arianna E. Gleason, Federica Coppari, Hae Ja LeeBob Nagler, Eric Cunningham, Philip Heimann, Richard G. Kraus, Robert E. Rudd, Thomas S. Duffy, Jon H. Eggert, June K. Wicks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Combining an x-ray free electron laser with a high-power laser driver enables the study of equations-of-state, high strain-rate deformation processes, structural phase transitions, and transformation pathways as a function of pressure to hundreds of GPa along different thermodynamic compression paths. Future high repetition-rate laser operation will enable data to be accumulated at >1 Hz, which poses a number of experimental challenges, including the need to rapidly replenish the target. Here, we present a combined shock compression and an x-ray diffraction study on epoxy (50% vol.)-crystalline grains (50% vol.) slurry targets, which can be fashioned into extruded ribbons for high repetition-rate operation. For shock-loaded NaCl-slurry samples, we observe pressure, density, and temperature states within the embedded NaCl grains consistent with observations from shock-compressed single-crystal NaCl.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number245901
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number24
StatePublished - Jun 28 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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