Development of a Divergent Synthesis of Pleurotinoid Natural Products

John F. Hoskin, Myungeun Jeong, David A. Siler, David C. Ebner, Erik J. Sorensen

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Abstract

Herein, we describe the evolution of our syntheses of the pleurotinoid natural products pleurotin (1), pleurogrisein (3), and 4-hydroxypleurogrisein (4). An approach based on a proximity-induced intramolecular Diels-Alder cycloaddition of a transient ortho-quinone dimethide (e.g., 6, Scheme 1) was inferior to an alternative construction featuring Gao’s titanium(IV)-mediated photoenolization Diels-Alder coupling of ortho-tolualdehyde 20 with functionalized hydrindenone 22. While this pairing exhibited the desired stereoface selectivity and produced cis-fused hydrindanone 23, the successful realization of our syntheses of 1, 3, and 4 required a post-Diels-Alder epimerization of the unactivated stereocenter at C-5 in compound 23. Ultimately, it was possible to generate a reactive oxygen-centered radical via a reductive homolytic cleavage of the N-O bond in 23 and capitalize on its ability to break the C5-H bond in an intramolecular 1,5-hydrogen atom transfer (HAT). The carbon radical arising from this pivotal 1,5-HAT was subsequently trapped in situ by an exogenous thiol in a kinetically controlled HAT reaction to establish the natural configuration at C-5. The successful flipping of the cis-hydrindane in 23 to the challenging trans configuration in 24 provided a firm foundation for a formal synthesis of pleurotin (1), as well as syntheses of pleurogrisein (3) and 4-hydroxypleurogrisein (4).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8551-8561
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume89
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 21 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry

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