Designing Haptic Feedback for Sequential Gestural Inputs

Shan Xu, Sarah Sykes, Parastoo Abtahi, Tovi Grossman, Daylon Walden, Michael Glueck, Carine Rognon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


This work seeks to design and evaluate haptic feedback for sequential gestural inputs, where mid-air hand gestures are used to express system commands. Nine haptic patterns are first designed leveraging metaphors. To pursue efficient interaction, we examine the trade-off between pattern duration and recognition accuracy and find that durations as short as 0.3s-0.5s achieve roughly 80%-90% accuracy. We then examine the haptic design for sequential inputs, where we vary when the feedback for each gesture is provided, along with pattern duration, gesture sequence length, and age. Results show that providing haptic patterns right after detected hand gestures leads to significantly more efficient interaction compared with concatenating all haptic patterns after the gesture sequence. Moreover, the number of gestures had little impact on performance, but age is a significant predictor. Our results suggest that immediate feedback with 0.3s and 0.5s pattern duration would be recommended for younger and older users respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCHI 2024 - Proceedings of the 2024 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Sytems
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
ISBN (Electronic)9798400703300
StatePublished - May 11 2024
Event2024 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Sytems, CHI 2024 - Hybrid, Honolulu, United States
Duration: May 11 2024May 16 2024

Publication series

NameConference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings


Conference2024 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Sytems, CHI 2024
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityHybrid, Honolulu

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Software


  • gestural inputs
  • haptics
  • vibrotactile feedback


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