Design of an Electrostatic Frequency Map for the NH Stretch of the Protein Backbone and Application to Chiral Sum Frequency Generation Spectroscopy

Daniel Konstantinovsky, Ethan A. Perets, Ty Santiago, Kristian Olesen, Zhijie Wang, Alexander V. Soudackov, Elsa C.Y. Yan, Sharon Hammes-Schiffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

We develop an electrostatic map for the vibrational NH stretch (amide A) of the protein backbone with a focus on vibrational chiral sum frequency generation spectroscopy (chiral SFG). Chiral SFG has been used to characterize protein secondary structure at interfaces using the NH stretch and to investigate chiral water superstructures around proteins using the OH stretch. Interpretation of spectra has been complicated because the NH stretch and OH stretch overlap spectrally. Although an electrostatic map for water OH developed by Skinner and co-workers was used previously to calculate the chiral SFG response of water structures around proteins, a map for protein NH that is directly responsive to biological complexity has yet to be developed. Here, we develop such a map, linking the local electric field to vibrational frequencies and transition dipoles. We apply the map to two protein systems and achieve much better agreement with experiment than was possible in our previous studies. We show that couplings between NH and OH vibrations are crucial to the line shape, which informs the interpretation of chiral SFG spectra, and that the chiral NH stretch response is sensitive to small differences in structure. This work increases the utility of the NH stretch in biomolecular spectroscopy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2418-2429
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume127
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 23 2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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