Operation of a fusion power plant requires robust edge localized mode (ELM) suppression simultaneously with high plasma performance. In this paper, we describe a novel feedback adaptive resonant magnetic perturbation (RMP) ELM controller designed to address this problem by achieving optimized ELM suppression through the advanced application of 3D RMPs. From real-time D α data, the controller is able to achieve robust ELM suppression while simultaneously minimizing the applied RMP in order to enhance plasma performance. In real-time, the instantaneous ELM-frequency is analyzed with an adaptive feedback algorithm to determine amplitudes and phases of RMP coil currents that will maximize plasma performance while maintaining ELM suppression. When applied through the KSTAR plasma control system in several experiments using n = 1 RMPs, robust ELM suppression is achieved and sustained in feedback while reducing the RMP strength to ∼ 65 % of its initial value. Minimization of the RMP strength in this manner not only allows for operation of longer discharges due to a decrease in flux consumption but also allows for a strong recovery of up to ∼ 60 % of βN throughout the ELM-free period.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics