Dependence of model-simulated response to ozone depletion on stratospheric polar vortex climatology

Pu Lin, David Paynter, Lorenzo Polvani, Gustavo J.P. Correa, Yi Ming, V. Ramaswamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


We contrast the responses to ozone depletion in two climate models: Community Atmospheric Model version 3 (CAM3) and Geophysical Fuild Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) AM3. Although both models are forced with identical ozone concentration changes, the stratospheric cooling simulated in CAM3 is 30% stronger than in AM3 in annual mean, and twice as strong in December. We find that this difference originates from the dynamical response to ozone depletion, and its strength can be linked to the timing of the climatological springtime polar vortex breakdown. This mechanism is further supported by a variant of the AM3 simulation in which the southern stratospheric zonal wind climatology is nudged to be CAM3-like. Given that the delayed breakdown of the southern polar vortex is a common bias among many climate models, previous model-based assessments of the forced responses to ozone depletion may have been somewhat overestimated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6391-6398
Number of pages8
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 28 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


  • climate model
  • general circulation
  • ozone depletion


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