We report on the first simultaneous in situ and remote measurements of subvisible cirrus in the uppermost tropical troposphere. The observed cirrus, called UTTCs (ultrathin tropical tropopause clouds), are the geometrically (200-300 m) and optically (τ ≈ 10-4) thinnest large-scale clouds ever sampled (≈105 km2). UTTCs consist of only a few ice particles per liter with mean radius ≈5 μm, containing only 1-5 % of the total water. Yet, brief adiabatic cooling events only 1-2 K below mean ambient temperature destabilize UTTCs, leading to large sedimenting particles (r ≈ 25 μm). Due to their extreme altitude above 17 km and low particle number density, UTTCs may efficiently dehydrate air during its last encounter with the ice phase before entering the stratosphere.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)