Deep reinforcement learning based state of charge estimation and management of electric vehicle batteries

Irum Saba, Muhammad Tariq, Mukhtar Ullah, H. Vincent Poor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In vehicle-to-grid (V2G) networks, electric vehicle (EV) batteries have significant potential as storage elements to smooth out variations produced by renewable and alternative energy sources and to address peak demand catering to smart grids. State estimation and management are crucial for assessing the performance of EV batteries. Existing approaches to these tasks typically do not include the effect of various parameters like route type, environmental conditions, current, and torque to estimate the state of charge (SoC) of EV batteries. In experiments, it is observed that the overall driving cost is affected by these parameters. A new method based on deep reinforcement learning is proposed to estimate and manage the SoC of nickel-metal hybrid batteries, with an emphasis on the realisation of the parameters that affect a battery's health. The proposed deep deterministic policy gradient-based SoC estimation and management for EV batteries, under the effect of battery parameters, are compared with the existing state-of-the-art models to validate their usefulness in terms of overall battery life, thermal safety, and performance. The proposed method demonstrates an accuracy of up to 98.8% in SoC estimation and overall driving cost with less convergence time as compared to the state-of-the-art models for EV batteries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)422-431
Number of pages10
JournalIET Smart Grid
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • battery powered vehicles
  • deep reinforcement learning
  • electric vehicle charging
  • smart grid devices
  • state of charge


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