Decomposition of Nitromethane Over NiO and Cr2O3 Catalysts

Jay Burton Benziger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The reaction of nitromethane over NiO/alumina and Cr2O3/alumina catalysts was examined to determine the feasibility of developing a nitromethane based monopropellant system. The kinetics of nitromethane decomposition over those two catalysts were found to be adequately represented by Langmuir-Hinshelwood kinetics over the conditions T— 100–300°C, P= 1–60 torr. Nitromethane decomposition caused catalyst deactivation by carbon deposition due to the fuel rich nature of nitromethane. It is suggested that nitromethane be mixed with an oxidant rich material to eliminate the problem of carbon deposition to develop a functional monopropellant system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-205
Number of pages15
JournalCombustion science and technology
Issue number3-6
StatePublished - Dec 1 1982

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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