Data-driven approaches for computation in intelligent biomedical devices: A case study of EEG monitoring for chronic seizure detection

Naveen Verma, Kyong Ho Lee, Ali Shoeb

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intelligent biomedical devices implies systems that are able to detect specific physiological processes in patients so that particular responses can be generated. This closed-loop capability can have enormous clinical value when we consider the unprecedented modalities that are beginning to emerge for sensing and stimulating patient physiology. Both delivering therapy (e.g., deep-brain stimulation, vagus nerve stimulation, etc.) and treating impairments (e.g., neural prosthesis) requires computational devices that can make clinically relevant inferences, especially using minimally-intrusive patient signals. The key to such devices is algorithms that are based on data-driven signal modeling as well as hardware structures that are specialized to these. This paper discusses the primary application-domain challenges that must be overcome and analyzes the most promising methods for this that are emerging. We then look at how these methods are being incorporated in ultra-low-energy computational platforms and systems. The case study for this is a seizure-detection SoC that includes instrumentation and computation blocks in support of a system that exploits patient-specific modeling to achieve accurate performance for chronic detection. The SoC samples each EEG channel at a rate of 600 Hz and performs processing to derive signal features on every two second epoch, consuming 9 μJ/epoch/channel. Signal feature extraction reduces the data rate by a factor of over 40×, permitting wireless communication from the patient's head while reducing the total power on the head by 14×.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)150-174
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Low Power Electronics and Applications
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 26 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Keywords

  • Biomedical
  • Body-area networks
  • Electroencephalography
  • Implantable
  • Low-noise amplifiers
  • Low-power electronics
  • Machine-learning
  • Subthreshold

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