Reaction of 2-alkyl-4-enamides with I+ and aqueous sodium bicarbonate results in the diastereoselective formation of the corresponding iodohydrins with essentially no iodolactone by-product. The reaction appears to proceed through a cyclic imidate type intermediate. This methodology has been successfully employed for the synthesis of the epoxide intermediate of the orally active HIV-1 protease inhibitor MK-639 (indinavir sulfate).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Drug Discovery
- Organic Chemistry