TY - JOUR

T1 - Cyclic cosmology, conformal symmetry and the metastability of the Higgs

AU - Bars, Itzhak

AU - Steinhardt, Paul J.

AU - Turok, Neil

N1 - Funding Information:
We thank A. Ijjas for comments on the manuscript. Research at Perimeter Institute is supported by the Government of Canada through Industry Canada and by the Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research and Innovation. This research was partially supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under grant number DE-FG03-84ER40168 (I.B.) and under grant number DE-FG02-91ER40671 (P.J.S.).

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Recent measurements at the LHC suggest that the current Higgs vacuum could be metastable with a modest barrier (height (1010-12GeV)4) separating it from a ground state with negative vacuum density of order the Planck scale. We note that metastability is problematic for standard bang cosmology but is essential for cyclic cosmology in order to end one cycle, bounce, and begin the next. In this Letter, motivated by the approximate scaling symmetry of the standard model of particle physics and the primordial large-scale structure of the universe, we use our recent formulation of the Weyl-invariant version of the standard model coupled to gravity to track the evolution of the Higgs in a regularly bouncing cosmology. We find a band of solutions in which the Higgs field escapes from the metastable phase during each big crunch, passes through the bang into an expanding phase, and returns to the metastable vacuum, cycle after cycle after cycle. We show that, due to the effect of the Higgs, the infinitely cycling universe is geodesically complete, in contrast to inflation.

AB - Recent measurements at the LHC suggest that the current Higgs vacuum could be metastable with a modest barrier (height (1010-12GeV)4) separating it from a ground state with negative vacuum density of order the Planck scale. We note that metastability is problematic for standard bang cosmology but is essential for cyclic cosmology in order to end one cycle, bounce, and begin the next. In this Letter, motivated by the approximate scaling symmetry of the standard model of particle physics and the primordial large-scale structure of the universe, we use our recent formulation of the Weyl-invariant version of the standard model coupled to gravity to track the evolution of the Higgs in a regularly bouncing cosmology. We find a band of solutions in which the Higgs field escapes from the metastable phase during each big crunch, passes through the bang into an expanding phase, and returns to the metastable vacuum, cycle after cycle after cycle. We show that, due to the effect of the Higgs, the infinitely cycling universe is geodesically complete, in contrast to inflation.

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U2 - 10.1016/j.physletb.2013.08.071

DO - 10.1016/j.physletb.2013.08.071

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84884699332

SN - 0370-2693

VL - 726

SP - 50

EP - 55

JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

IS - 1-3

ER -